The protection of airspace is essential to provide a safe and predictable environment for the arrival and departure of aircraft using the airport. Any activity that will result in the intrusion of protected airspace, such as controlled activities, crane use, external lighting, balloons and unmanned aircraft (drones and rockets), requires approval before it can be carried out.
The Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development protects the airspace around leased Federal airports under the Airports Act 1996 and the Airports (Protection of Airspace) Regulations 1996. The protection of airspace is essential in order to provide a safe and predictable environment for the arrival and departure of aircraft using an airport.
International standards have been adopted which define two sets of invisible surfaces above the ground, these include:
Any activity that will result in an intrusion of protected airspace are referred to as controlled activities and must be approved before being carried out.
Controlled activities include:
Crane operations in the vicinity of an airport have the potential to create air safety hazards and to seriously limit the airport's operations. For this reason, they are required by law to be assessed and approved under the Commonwealth's Airports (Protection of Airspace) Regulations.
It is an offence under Section 183 of the Airports Act 1996 to carry out, without approval, crane operations which intrude into an airport's protected airspace. This offence is punishable by a fine. It is an offence under Section 185 of the Airports Act 1996 to contravene any conditions imposed on an approval. It is also an offence under Section 186 of the Act not to give information to the airport operator that is relevant to a proposed controlled activity.
At least 28 days prior to the proposed crane activity, please provide the following to Moorabbin Airport Corporation:
Initial assessment of the controlled activity will incur a $600 fee (excluding GST). This is an assessment only. Should your application be classified as a ‘Controlled Activity’, further processing fees will apply as follows.
|Controlled Activity||Description||Cost (ex GST)|
|Type A||Assessment only (to determine if controlled activity occurs)||$600|
|Type B||Short-term controlled activity infringing the OLS for less than 3 months||$3,500|
|Type C||Controlled activity infringing the OLS for more than 3 months||$7,000|
|Type D||Controlled activity infringing the OLS for more than 3 months and including a short-term controlled activity infringement of PANS-OPS during construction||$12,500|
|Type E||Controlled activity infringing PANS-OPS for more than 3 months||$13,500|
CASA has the authority, under the Civil Aviation Regulations 1988, to control ground lights where they have the potential to cause confusion or distraction (from glare) to pilots in the air. To assist lighting designers and installation contractors, CASA has established guidelines on the location and permitted intensities of ground lights within a 6km radius of airports.
View diagram depicting the lighting intensity guidelines with respect to Moorabbin Airport's two lit runways (17L/35R and 13L/31R).
Small balloons (<50 grams of payload) released in large bunches can pose a safety hazard to aircraft by distracting pilots or getting caught in engines and propellers.
It is a requirement under Civil Aviation Safety Regulation – 1998 (CASR) Regulation 101.55 that the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) approves the release of balloons into airspace surrounding an airport.
For the release of more than 100 balloons, please email Moorabbin Airport with details of time, location and volume of the proposed balloon release. If CASA approval or notification is required, information about the balloon release must be received by MAC at least 14 working days prior to the event.
|Number of balloons to be released at one time||Distance from place of release to nearest aerodrome
|Less than 3 nautical miles (5.5km)||3-6 nautical miles (5.5-11km)||6-12 nautical miles
|Over 12 nautical miles (22km)|
|101-1,000||CASA approval||NOTAM||ATC advice||ATC advice|
|1,001-10,000||CASA approval||CASA approval||NOTAM||ATC advice|
|Over 10,000||CASA approval||CASA approval||CASA approval||NOTAM|
CASA approval - CASA must assess and approve the balloon release.
NOTAM - CASA approval is not required, but the information must still be provided to CASA so that a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) can be issued to aircraft operators.
ATC Advice - CASA approval is not required. However, as a courtesy to Air Traffic Control, it is requested that information about the balloon release is provided.
Unmanned aircraft, such as drones and rockets, can pose a serious hazard to aircraft operators.
It is illegal to fly for commercial purposes (money or other reward) unless you have an unmanned operator’s certificate issued by CASA.